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Реферат 3 биографии выдающихся людей на иностранном языке (english)

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Текст реферата 3 биографии выдающихся людей на иностранном языке (english)

Interesting Personality
William Blake
William Blake, English poet, painter and printer, was born on November
28, 1757.
You may have read his poems about the lamb, the tiger, or his sad
song about the poor chimney sweep.
The strange thing is that in his own time many people thought him
mad. Almost a century passed after his death in 1827 before he began
to be recognised as a truly great poet and artist.
His family background was obscure. We don't even know his mother's
name. But he showed a talent for drawing early and at 14 he became
apprentice to an engraver. When he was 21 he became an engraver on his
own account and later married a girl called Catherine who learnt to
draw and paint so that she could work together with him.
When he was young the French Revolution took place and he supported
it. Over in England a different sort of change was taking place, which
is called "The Industrial Revolution".
Blake was horrified at the way life was being changed, with people
young and old obliged to work in "those dark satanic mills".
He was particularly angered at the way the new factory owners and
employers used child labour, and in many of his poems he defends the
rights of childhood.
From the time he was thirty he worked more on his paintings, making
coloured lithographs by a method he invented. His pictures are often
wild and strange, with very strong dramatic colours. They expressed
the very complex ideas in his poems.
His great message is freedom for each person to develop. He hated
slavery, black slavery on the plantations. white slavery in the
factories.
***
Edison
Edison is known as one of the greatest inventors of his time. He
invented so much that it is difficult to say which of his achievements
is the greatest. He was an experimenter and a practical man more than
a theoretician.
Edison did not have any education. He went to school only for three
months. Then he left it because the teacher considered him a dull boy.
His mother became his teacher. The boy loved books and his mother said
that he had a wonderful memory. When he first visited a public library
and saw a lot of shelves with books he decided that he would know
everything in the world. He measured the shelf and decided to read a
foot of books every week.
In 1868 Edison built his first patented invention an electromagnetic
device.
It is said that he planned to ask three thousand dollars for his
invention, though he secretly decided he would sell it for two
thousand if necessary. He was invited to a meeting of businessmen who
were interested in buying his invention, but when he was asked to name
the price he was very nervous and quite unable to speak.
"It is no use asking us a big price", said one of the businessmen,
"we have already decided how much we will pay. Forty thousand dollars
is our limit".
With this money Edison established a workshop and began his career as
a professional inventor at the age of twenty one.
All his inventions were the result of