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Реферат 3 Топика по иностранному языку (english)

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Текст реферата 3 Топика по иностранному языку (english)

Native Americans
Native Americans came from Asia. Over 20 000 years ago they traveled
across the land between Siberia and Alaska. When English colonists
came to the New World on board the "Mayflower" the native Americans
met them and were very friendly and helped them a lot.
In those days people lived in small earth houses and grew their own
food. Some Indians ate only grass, nuts, and what fruit they could
find. Other people were fishermen and lived in wooden houses. Most
native Americans were very peaceful. They wanted to live happily with
nature and each other. They believed in many gods and thought that the
gods live in trees, stones, water and fire. They believed their gods
could bring success in hunting, farming and fishing. They often had
special ceremonies with dances and music before they went hunting or
fishing or when they began farming.
Native Americans songs and poems are a very important part of their
traditions as they help them to keep their history and culture alive.
Another famous tradition was smoking of a peace pipe. When they smoked
this pipe together with people they did not know it meant friendship
and peace. Many years ago Native American tribes lived in all parts of
the USA, and hunted and fished wherever they choose. Now most of them
live in poor lands to the west of Mississippi River. Many live in
"reservations".
Pets in Great Britain
Lots of families in Great Britain have got one or more pets.
Dogs are the favourite pets and there are about 6 million of them in
Great Britain. The second favourite are cats (about 5 millions) and
the third favourite is a bird budgie*. Some families do not keep cats
or dogs. They keep other animals as pets in their homes. There are
more than 12 million pets in Britain. The English take good care of
their pets. They give them nice names: Rover, Rax, Cindy, Misty (for
dogs); Albert, Snowy, Fluffy, Tom (for cats); Polly, Chatterbox (for
parrots);Guy, Scamper, Shipley, Shirley (for monkeys).When they speak
of their pets, they say, "he" or "she", not "it". The English give
their pets nice food to eat. They buy food for their pets in pet
shops. The English are pet lovers.
Schools in England
English educational system is quite different from what we have in
Russia. It is classdivided. There some state schools and some private
ones.
State schools are infant, junior or secondary. British boys and
girls begin to go to school at the age of 5. They draw pictures, sing
songs, listen to the stories and tales. British children begin to read
and write when they enter the infant schools.
Young children are divided into two groups, according to their
mental abilities. Children leave infant schools when they are 7. Then
they go to study at junior schools where they learn to write, read and
do mathematics. Their school subjects are History, English, Geography,
Arithmetics, Arts, Music, Swimming and some others. When the pupils
enter the junior schools they pass abilities test.