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Реферат A Farewell to Arms

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Текст реферата A Farewell to Arms

A Farewell to Arms
I chose to read the novel as well as view the 1932 movie staring Gary
Cooper to review. As usual, the novel and movie are different in the
delivery of the story yet parallel most of the same aspects Hemingway
was trying to convey about love and war. The novel was much more in
depth than the movie and mostly, the novel focused more on the war
than did the movie.
The novel begins describing artillery weary troops marching through
the rains of late summer. The main character is an American named
Frederic Henry. He is an ambulance driver who is marching with the
troops. The American is stationed with the Italian Army, at the front
during World War I. Basically, the first few chapters begin when
Frederic returns from winter leave in early spring. He has a roommate
named Rinaldi who is infatuated with a British nurse by the name of
Catherine Barkley. Rinaldi persuades Frederic to visit the hospital
where Catherine works. After meeting her, Frederic is attracted to
Catherine. After a couple days pass, Frederic revisit’ s the
hospital and he and Catherine become affectionate and share a kiss.
Frederic and Catharine become more of an item and their relationship
becomes more serious because Frederic begins to pay her regular
visits. Catherine recognizes that Frederic is lacking in his love
depth and puts an end to the false lovemaking imposed by the not so
seriously loving Frederic. On the other issue which of course is the
war, the Italian offensive is about to resume. Frederic is sent to the
front to drive the wounded back to hospitals in the rear. At the
front, Frederic and his fellow ambulance drivers sit in a dugout. They
were eating pasta and cheese and waiting for the fighting to start. As
they ate and talked, artillery shells were exploding over their heads
and then a mortar shell blasted open their dugout. One of the other
drivers, Passini, looses his leg and he dies. Frederic takes injuries
to both of his legs during the blast. His injuries are that of a
serious nature.
Frederic is taken to a field hospital. His first visitor is Rinaldi
and then he is visited by a Catholic Priest. Rinaldi jokes about
getting medals for bravery from the Italian army, and jokes about
other developments. The priest is more serious and explains to Henry
about love and people who wage war and those who don’ t. After a
few days at the field hospital, Henry is shipped to an American
hospital in Milan. Catherine is sent there as well as there is an
excess of nurses at the front.
Frederic is the very first patient sent to the American hospital and
even the doctors have yet to arrive. After a few days the doctor
arrives and begins to remove shrapnel from Frederic’ s legs.
Upon removal of the shrapnel, the doctor discovers a piece of metal
that is imbedded very deep and surgery is required. Some doctors hold
a meeting and try to determine when the operation should be performed,
but Frederic refuses their recommendation to wait six