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Реферат A role of the USA in the world politics

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Текст реферата A role of the USA in the world politics

It is impossible to discuss a future role of the United States of
America in the world without understanding the global processes that
have been taken place in the world over the last several years.
September 11, without doubt, was a break point event in these
processes. First, it showed people a danger of an international
terrorism. Second, the event brought about a confrontation between two
different viewpoints on the development of world politics. On the one
hand, politicians from many countries believe that any active actions
to preserve world order must be organized only by United Nations. On
the other hand, the United States is pushing forward its aggressive
unilateral policy that is based only on Washington’ s (sometimes
biased) understanding of the current international situation.
This US strategy was clearly demonstrated in Iraq. Now, after two and
a half years of the war, the question must be asked if this policy
achieved its goals. Did it bring a peace and stabilization in the post
Sadam country? Yes, the military operation itself was a success.
Actually, it was difficult to imagine any other result of that war
considering that the conflict was between a mighty US and Iraq, a
third level military power. Despite the military successes, this
strategy did not produce desirable results. The USA cannot stabilize
the situation, and the Iraqis continue to organize attacks against the
US and coalition forces.
May be the USA had another reason to start the war? Some people (in
Russia, anyway) believe that a real goal of US policy in the Middle
East is to take under control a socalled the world’ s
hydrocarbon ellipse. It is obvious, that a power controlling that
region would become a master of the world in this century. Now, the
USA is in much less favorable economical position than some other
countries (potential America’ s enemies). So, the US efforts to
extend its influence over that area are an attempt to liquidate this
imbalance once and for all.
But this goal could hardly be achieved by military means. If the USA
decided to occupy some other states in that area, they would surely
face a guerrilla resistance, like in Iraq and Afganistan. History
proved that the only way to suppress insurgency is a policy of mass
terror, and I doubt that America will ever use it. The attempts to
organize puppet democratic governments will fail too. Such regimes
will be hated by the general population and overthrown as soon as US
army leaves the country.
By the way, why did Bush’ s administration decide to occupy a
sovereign country to fight international terrorism? What is the
connection between an organized group of criminals and an independent
state? Why not occupy Italy to fight the Italian Mafia?
I think that a Washington’ s current unilateral policy is
useless and even dangerous. It is increased a general instability in
the World. Iraq became a place that attracts terrorism from all over
the globe. The wave of