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Реферат Англия, Лондон, праздники и традиции в Англии (english)

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Текст реферата Англия, Лондон, праздники и традиции в Англии (english)

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they have guarded the Tower. Legends has it that should the ravens
ever leave, the White tower would crumble and a great disaster would
befall England. That is why the birds are carefully guarded. The
security of the Tower is ensured by a military garrison and by the
Yeoman Warders popularly called “Beafeaters” who still wear
their Tudor uniform.
Many people think that Big Ben is the clock or the whole tower next
to the Houses of Parliament. In fact, it is the largest of the five
bells at the top of the tower. Parliament itself is in Westminster, a
part of L that has long been connected with royalty and government.
Opposite the Houses of Parliament stands Westminster Abbey. It was
founded by Edward the confessor in 1050. It was a monastery for a long
time. One of the greatest treasures of the Abbey is the oaken
coronation chair made in 1300. The abbey is also known for its
Poet’ s corner. Graves and memorials to many English poets and
writers are clustered round about.
The street called Whitehall stretches from Parliament Square to
Trafalgar square. Downing Street, which is a small side street of
Whitehall, is the home of the Prime Minister, who lives at number ten.
Just around the corner in Whitehall itself are all the important
ministries: the Foreign Office, the Ministry of Defence, the Home
Office and the Treasury.
The most important building in Westminster is Buckingham Palace,
which is the official residence of the Queen.
Hyde Park is like many other L Parks, but there is a corner of it
the like of which is not to be found anywhere else the world. Here all
kinds of men and women stand up and give their views on subjects that
range from politics and religion to the best way of getting on with
your motherinlaw. A century ago this little corner of L ’ s
largest park used to be a favourite place for duelling. Then
Englishmen gave up settling their differences with sword and pistol
and decided to use their tongues instead.
Three L ’ s most interesting museums the Victoria and Albert,
the Science Museum and the Natural History Museum are also in
Westminster.
The East End is the poorest district of L . Its population is
working class families. There are a lot of workshops, factories and
docks here.
The West End is the name given to the area of central L north from
the Mall to Oxford Street. It includes Trafalgar Square, the main
shopping areas of Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street, and
the entertainment centres of Socho, Piccadily Circus and others. The
West End is associated with glamour and bright lights. Trafalgar
square was built early in the last century to commemorate the Battle
of Trafalgar. Admiral Lord Nelson’ s statue stands on top of a
column in the middle of Trafalgar Square. The square makes a good
place for people to meet. Behind Nelson’ s Column is the
National Gallery, an art gallery in which you can find many old
masters. Piccadily Circus is the centre of night life