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Реферат Биография Вильяма Шекспира (SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM), подробный обзор его творчества.

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Текст реферата Биография Вильяма Шекспира (SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM), подробный обзор его творчества.

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Shakespeare the man
Although the amount of factual knowledge available about Shakespeare
is surprisingly large for one of his station in life, many find it a
little disappointing, for it is mostly gleaned from documents of an
official character. Dates of baptisms, marriages, deaths, and burials;
wills, conveyances, legal processes, and payments by the court--these
are the dusty details. There are, however, a fair number of
contemporary allusions to him as a writer, and these add a reasonable
amount of flesh and blood to the biographical skeleton.
Early life in Stratford.
The parish register of Holy Trinity Church, Stratfordupon-Avon ,
Warwickshire, shows that he was baptized there on April 26, 1564; his
birthday is traditionally celebrated on April 23. His father, John
Shakespeare, was a burgess of the borough, who in 1565 was chosen an
alderman and in 1568 bailiff (the position corresponding to mayor,
before the grant of a further charter to Stratford in 1664). He was
engaged in various kinds of trade and appears to have suffered some
fluctuations in prosperity. His wife, Mary Arden, of Wilmcote,
Warwickshire, came from an ancient family and was the heiress to some
land. (Given the somewhat rigid social distinctions of the 16th
century, this marriage must have been a step up the social scale for
John Shakespeare.)
Stratford enjoyed a grammar school of good quality, and the education
there was free, the schoolmaster's salary being paid by the borough.
No lists of the pupils who were at the school in the 16th century have
survived, but it would be absurd to suppose the bailiff of the town
did not send his son there. The boy's education would consist mostly
of Latin studies--learning to read, write, and speak the language
fairly well and studying some of the classical historians, moralists,
and poets. Shakespeare did not go on to the university, and indeed it
is unlikely that the tedious round of logic, rhetoric, and other
studies then followed there would have interested him.
Instead, at the age of 18 he married. Where and exactly when are not
known, but the episcopal registry at Worcester preserves a bond dated
November 28, 1582, and executed by two yeomen of Stratford, named
Sandells and Richardson, as a security to the bishop for the issue of
a license for the marriage of William Shakespeare and "Anne Hathaway
of Stratford," upon the consent of her friends and upon once asking of
the banns. (Anne died in 1623, seven years after Shakespeare. There is
good evidence to associate her with a family of Hathaways who
inhabited a beautiful farmhouse, now much visited, two miles from
Stratford.) The next date of interest is found in the records of the
Stratford church, where a daughter, named Susanna, born to William