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Реферат Canada Guide

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Parliament of Canada
The Parliament of Canada (in French : le Parlement du Canada ) is on
the Parliament Hill in Ottawa , Ontario . The future of the country is
decided in this building.
Niagara Falls
The CANADIAN PART of the N iagara F alls in width about 800 m and
height 48 m through which passes about 90 % of a drain of the river of
Niagara.
History
Aboriginal people (they call them First Nations) lived on the
territory of Canada at least 10,000 years ago . At 1000 , Vikings
settled for a short time at L'Anse aux Meadows. The French settled the
St. Lawrence and Atlantic Canada regions in the 16th and 17th
centuries .
France surrendered to Britain nearly all of New France , including
Acadia and what comprises presentday Quebec and Ontario in the Treaty
of Paris of 1763 . Britain established the colonies of Nova Scotia ,
Lower Canada , and Upper Canada . New colonies were soon formed.
During and after the American Revolution , many British Loyalists
left the Thirteen Colonies to settle in Canada. Other settlers during
this time came from Europe, in particular the British Isles .
On July 1 , 1867 three colonies Canada, Nova Scotia, and New
Brunswick received from Britain constitution. This may the Dominion of
Canada was formed . It consisted of the provinces of Nova Scotia, New
Brunswick, Quebec (formerly Canada East), and Ontario (formerly Canada
West).
Other British colonies and territories soon joined Canada: by 1880 ,
Canada included all of its present area except for Newfoundland and
Labrador , which joined in 1949 .
In the second half of the 20th century , some there were citizens of
the mainly Frenchspeaking province of Quebec demanded in dependence
there were two referendums in 1980 and 1995. In the 1980 referendum
the vote against independence was 60%; in the 1995 Quebec referendum
the vote against independence was 50.6%. Many think that in future
there must take place another referendum.
Placement and Neighbors
Official languages English & French , federally Capital Ottawa
Largest city Toronto Political system Confederation with parliamentary
democracy Population
July 2005 est.
Density Ranked 35th
32,805,041
4/kmІ ( 222nd ) GDP (2004)
Total (PPP)
Total
GDP/head (PPP)
GDP/head
$1.056 trillion ( 11th )
$0.834 trillion ( 9th )
$32,463 ( 6th )
$29,900 ( 18th ) Currency Canadian dollar ($) Time zone UTC
−'3f3.5 to −'3f8 National anthem O Canada
Canada is the secondlargest country in the world (9 970 610 km 2 .)
which is surpassed in the sizes only by Russia. Canada is located on
the north from the USA, between Atlantic and Silent oceans. From the
West on the east it reaches 7700 km, and from the north on the south
4600 km. Almost 90 % of all population of Canada live within the
limits of 160 km from border from the USA.
Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories, each of
which has own capital (in brackets): Albert , British Columbia, Island
Prins-Eduard, Manitoba,