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Реферат Culture shock

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Текст реферата Culture shock

The term, culture shock , was introduced for the first time in
1958 to describe the anxiety produced when a p
erson moves to a
completely new environment.
This term expresses the feeling of not knowing what to do or how to
do things in a new e nvironment, and not knowing what is appropriate
or inappr opriate.
We can describe culture shock as the physical and emotional
discomfort one suffers when coming to live in another country or a
place different from the place of origin.
It is an anxiety that results from losing all our familiar signs and
symbols of social intercourse. Often, the way that we lived before is
not accepted as or considered as normal in the new place.
Everything is different, and for example, we don’ t speak the
language, don’ t know when to shake hands and what to say when
we meet people, when and how to give tips, when to accept and when to
refuse invitations, when to take statements seriously and when not.
Like most ailments, culture shock has its symptoms and cure. The
symptoms of cultural sho ck can appear at different times.
· Sadness, loneliness, melancholy
·Preoccupation with health : a ches, pains, and allergies
·Insomnia, desire to sleep too much or too little
·Anger, irritability, unwillingness to interact with others
·Lack of confidence
·Longing for family
·A desire to depend on longterm residents of one’ s own
Culture shock has several stages. The 1 st stage is the
incubation stage . During the first
few weeks most individuals are
fascinated by the new. This time is called the "honeymoon" stage ,
as everything encountered is new and exciting. This stage may last
from a
few days or weeks to six months, depending on the
Afterwards, the 2 nd stage presents itself. It is characterized by
a hostile and aggressive attitude towar
ds the host country. This
happens due to the difficulties a person faces in daily life, such as
communication or transportation problems.
In this stage o ne criticizes the host country, its ways and the
The 3 rd stage is characterized by gaining some understanding of
the new culture. A ne
w feeling of pleasure may be experienced and
sense of humor begins to exert itself .
Instead of criticizing, they now jokes about people around them and
even crack jokes about their own difficulties. They are now on the way
to recovery.
In the 4 th stage , the adjustment is complete. The visitor now
accepts the customs of the
country as just another way of living.
They realize that the new culture has good and bad things to offer.
The feeling of anxiety is lost.
Some ways to combat stress produced by culture shock :
Learn the language of the host country
Develop a hobby
Be positive
Don't forget the good things you already have!
Have you ever experienced culture shock? Describe your symptoms.
I experienced culture