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Реферат Education in England

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Текст реферата Education in England

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЙ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ
ВОЛГОГРАДСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ
УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
КАФЕДРА ИНОСТРАННЫХ ЯЗЫКОВ
ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ НА ТЕМУ
“ Education ”
Выполнила:
Студентка
Зизе Н. В.
Группы Э – 155.
Проверил:
Карасик А.В.
г. Волгоград 2001 год.
PLAN:
1. Proprimary and Primary Education
…………………..3

2. Oxbridge
……………………………
3;……
……………………
3;4
3. Translation :
а. Дошкольное и начальное образование
…………………&
#133;……..6
b. О xbridge
……………………………& >#133;………………………...…7
4. DICTIONARY
……………………………&# b>133;……..……………9
Proprimary and Primary Education.
In some areas of England there are nursery schools for children under
5 years of age. Some children between two and five receive education
in nursery classes or in infants classes in primary schools. Many
children attend informal preschool playgroups organised by parents in
private homes. Nursery schools are staffed with teachers and students
in training. There are all kinds of toys to keep the children busy
from 9 o'clock in the morning till 4 o'clock in the afternoon while
their parents are at work. Here the babies play, lunch and sleep. They
can run about and play in safety with someone keeping an eye on them.
For day nurseries which remain open all the year round the parents
pay according to their income. The local education authority's
nurseries are free. But only about three children in 100 can go to
them: . there aren't enough places, and the waiting lists are rather
long.
Most children start school at 5 in a primary school. A primary school
may be divided into two parts— infants and juniors. At infants
school reading, writing and arithmetic are taught for about 20 minutes
a day during the first year, gradually increasing to about 2 hours in
their last year. There is usually no written timetable. Much time is
spent in modelling from clay or drawing, reading or singing.
By the time children are ready for the junior school they will be
able to read and write, do simple addition and subtraction of numbers.
At 7 children go on from the infants school to the junior school.
This marks the transition from play to "real work". The children have
set periods of arithmetic, reading and composition which are all
Eleven Plus subjects. History, Geography, Nature Study, Art and Music,
Physical Education, Swimming are also on the timetable.
Pupils were streamed according to their abilities to learn into A, B,
С and D streams. The least gifted are in the D stream. Formally
towards the end of their fourth year the pupils wrote their