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Реферат Education System In Honduras

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Текст реферата Education System In Honduras

I. State of the Honduran education system.
II. Structure of the Honduran education system:
1. Preschool education
2. Primary education
3. Secondary education
4. Higher education
5. Adult education and professional training
III. Current trends in education.
Honduras lacked a national education system until the late 1950
’ s. Before the reforms of 1957, education was the exclusive
privilege of those who could afford to send their children to private
institutions. The government of Ramуn Villeda Morales (1957-63)
introduced reforms that led to the establishment of a national public
education system and began a school construction program.
Data from the Program for the Development of the Organization of the
United Nations (PNUD) reveal today that 51% of the matriculates finish
primary school, in an average of 9.4 years, and that the number of
dropouts increases each year. The acutest problem is that the basic
educational system only covers 86.5% of schoolage children, while the
remaining 13.5% cannot get access to the education.
Although the Honduran Constitution formally stipulates that minors
have to have their educations taken care of, many arrive at adulthood
without learning to read or write, while the state tries to justify
this by the insufficiency of resources at its command. Illiteracy
encompasses more than half a million people in this country, which is
the equivalent of the entire population between 15 and 40 years old. G
ood education is still largely the privilege of the few who can afford
to send their chi ldren to private institutions.
Statistical information shows that the state of the public education
system remains poor. Figures cited by the Ministry of Education
suggest that Honduras suffers from widespread illiteracy (more than 40
percent of the total population and more than 80 percent in rural
areas). A significant percentage of children d o not receive formal
The statistics collected by the M inistry of Education reflect that
no department in Honduras reaches, on average, the sixyear minimum of
primary education. According to recent data indicating educational
efficiency, for every thousand graduates of the first grade in 1990,
only 292 (29%) complete primary school in six years and 468 (46%)
never finish. The situation with universities is much more worrying,
since only 20% avoid failing out in universities such as the National
Autonomous University of Honduras ( Universidad Nacional Aut o noma de
Honduras, or UNAH ).
The quality of instruction in Honduran public schools is greatly
impaired by poor teacher training. The situation is worsened by the
extremely low wages paid to teacher s, lack of effective and uptodate
instruction materials, outdated teaching methods, poor administration,
and lack of physical facilities.
Because of the deficiencies of public education, the years since