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Реферат Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries

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Текст реферата Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries

Holidays and traditions in English – speaking countries.
I. Britain round the calendar.
There are only six public holidays a year in Great Britain, that is
days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day,
Boxing Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Spring Bank Holiday and Late
Summer Bank Holiday. In Scotland, the New Year’ s Day is also a
public holiday. Most of these holidays are of religious origin, though
it would be right to say that for the greater part of the population
they have long lost their religious significance and are simply days
on which people relax, eat, drink and make merry. All the public
holidays, except Christmas Day and Boxing Day observed on December 25
th and 26 th respectively, are movable, that is they do not fall on
the same day each year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter
Sunday which falls on the first Sunday after a full moon on or after
March 21 st . the Spring Bank Holiday falls on the last Monday of May
or on the first Monday of June, while the Late Summer Bank Holiday
comes on the last Monday in August or on the first Monday in
September, depending on which of the Mondays is nearer to June 1 st
and September 1 st respectively.
Besides public holidays, there are other festivals, anniversaries and
simply days, for example Pancake Day and Bonfire Night, on which
certain traditions are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday,
they are ordinary working days.
In England the New Year is not as widely or as enthusiastically
observed as Christmas. Some people
ignore it completely and go to
bed at the same time as usual on New Year’ s Eve. Many others,
however, do celebration it in one way or another, the type of
celebration varying very much according to the local custom, family
traditions and personal taste.
The most common type of celebration is a New Year party, either a
family party or one arranged by a group of young people. This usually
begins at about eight o’ clock and goes on until the early hours
of the morning. There is a lot of drinking, mainly beer, wine, gin and
whisky; sometimes the hosts make a big bowl of punch which consists of
wine, spirits, fruit juice and water in varying proportions. There is
usually a buffer of cold meat, pies, sandwiches, savouries, cakes and
biscuits. At midnight the wireless is turned on, so that everyone can
hear the chimes of Big Ben, and on the hour a toast is drunk to the
New Year. Then the party goes on.
Another popular way of celebrating the New Year is to go to a New
Year’ s dance. Most hotels and dance halls hold a special dance
on New Year’ s Eve. The hall is decorated, there are several
different bands and the atmosphere is very gay.
The most famous celebration is in London round the statue of Eros in
Piccadilly Circus where crowds gather and sing and welcome the New
Year. In
Holidays and traditions in