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Реферат London

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Текст реферата London

London
London is one of the largest cities in the world. More then 10mln
people live in London and its suburbs. London is a city of striking
contrasts. Here one can come across the past and the present, the old
and the modern, live side by side in mutual tolerance and respect.
In London, one can see architecture of different centuries and
styles. It is inseparably connected with the history of the city. The
Romans, the Saxons and the Danes settled here in turn, after them came
the Normans, and brought the French civilisation. London survived the
Plague and the Great Fire, which followed in 1666. During the Fire all
wooden houses were smashed to the ground and a New London, London of
stone with bigger houses and wider streets was built. During the World
War II, many buildings of great historic value lay in ruins and today
the face of London is changed.
Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City,
Westminster, the West End and the East End.
The city first started in the place, which is known as the City. It
is the Heart of London, it’ s commercial and business centre. It
occupies a territory of a square mile. During a day, it is full of
people, nearly half a million people work there.
The West End is the richest part of the city with its beautiful
avenues, parks and gardens, grandhotels, theatres and fashionable
shops. It is a symbol of wealth and luxury.
While the City is the money of London and the West End is the good of
London, the East End is the hands of London, that built the banks of
the City and beautiful mansions and hotels of the West End. It is a
district, inhabited by the workers. There are many factories and the
Port of London there.
As for me, I cannot imagine London without Thames. In fact, painters
and writers regard the river as the source of inspiration. Turner,
Monet, Canatello painted it countless times and their impression of
the river in all seasons can be seen on the walls of museums,
throughout the world. Pope, Spensor and many other poets sang it in
their poems. The most famous books about the Thames are ‘ Three
men in a boat’ by Jeromek-Jerome and ‘ The wind in the
willows’ by K. Graham. If there had been no Thames, there would
be no London. It was born many centuries ago in the place, which is
known as the City. The City is not only the centre of business.
It’ s the burth place of London. London was born in the place
not far from St. Paul’ s cathedral hundreds of years before our
era. It was called Lynndin (the lonely port) at that time. After the
Norman Conquest, it became Londinium.
If you want to get some glimpses of London, you’ d better start
sightseeing with the Tower of London, that comes first among the
historic buildings of the city. It was built as the fortress after the
Norman invasion of England in 1066. It has been used as the Royal
Palace, as an observatory, an arsenal and a prison. For many visitors
the principal attraction is the