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Реферат Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan

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Текст реферата Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan

конецформыначалоформы Navruz A Celebration of Life. Public holidays
in Uzbekistan

Navruz (also called Noruz, Nowruz, and Nawruz), the spring "New Year"
holiday, has been celebrated for more than 2,500 years, perhaps for as
long as 5,000 years. Originating in Persia and long associated with
the ancient Zoroastrian religion, its name means "new day" in Farsi
because to ancient Persians it marked the first day of the new year.
On this day, Persian kings would have worn a crown with images of the
annual solar cycle on their heads, participated in a divine mass in
the Temple of Fire, and distributed generous gifts to citizens.
Today, Navruz is celebrated each year on March 21, when the sun
enters the sign of Aries on the astrological calendar. In the northern
hemisphere, this date frequently coincides with the spring equinox,
the day on which the number of daylight hours equals the number of
nighttime hours. On our modern Gregorian calendar, the spring equinox
varies from March 19 to March 21. Although their calendars were
different, ancient peoples followed the course of the sun and moon
closely, and knew that the seasons began to change on this date. For
them, it was if the powers of light had overcome the powers of
darkness, allowing the earth to awaken and life to be rekindled. Many
of us have similar feelings today, even though we understand the more
scientific explanation: that the northern hemisphere begins to tilt
toward the sun at this date, which results in longer and warmer days.
As Turks and other nomadic peoples moved into Central Asia and areas
around Persia, they adopted the celebration of Navruz. Just as the
Saxon holiday of Ostara was embraced by Christianity and become Easter
in the West, Navruz traditions, which had taken strong roots in life
of Eurasian farmers and townspeople, survived the coming of Islam to
the area 1,400 years ago. Today, Navrus is celebrated widely and
colorfully in Iran, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan,
Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and the western provinces of
China, as well as by Kurds in Turkey, Syria and Iraq and by Tatars and
Bashkirs in southern Russia. In the last ten years, the Central Asian
republics have recognized Navruz as an official holiday. Its
celebration is marked by concerts in parks and squares, trade fairs
and national horseracing competitions.
Celebrations of spring are a natural outgrowth of the earth fs
rhythms. In most of the Silk Road countries, Navruz announces the
joyful awakening of nature after winter and the beginning of the
agricultural cycle of cultivating, planting, and harvesting. Navruz
traditions are similar throughout the region, and have varied little
over the centuries, except to embrace Islam. Unlike the western New
Year traditions, Navruz is celebrated in daytime hours within the
family circle. March 21 is the main celebration, but for the next 13
days it is common practice to visit friends and relatives, buy and
plant seedings of