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Реферат Olympic Games

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Текст реферата Olympic Games

The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began in 777 BC in
Greece and
took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries at Olimpia.
They included
many different kinds of sports: running, boxing, wrestling, etc. All
the cities in Greece
sent their best athletes to Olimpia to compete in the Games. For the
period of the Games
all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became the symbol of peace
and friendship.
In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed until many
In 1894, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the
sports governing
bodies and pointed out the significance of sports and its educational
Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took place. Of course,
the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of
the centuriesold tradition.
In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up. It is the
central policymaking body of the Olympic movement. It is formed by the
representatives of all countries which take part in the Olympic Games.
The International Olympic Committee
decides upon the programme of the games, the number of the
participants and the cityhost for the Games. Over one hundred and
fifty countries are represented in the
International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country has its
National Olympic
Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are always several
wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected by the
International Committee.
After that the city of the Games starts preparations for the
competitions, constructs new
sports facilities, stadiums, hotels, press centres. Thousands of
athletes, journalists and
guests come to the Games, and it takes great efforts to arrange
everything. There is
always an interesting cultural programme of concerts, exhibitions,
festivals, etc., for each
Russia joined the Olympic movement in 1952. Since then it has won a
lot of gold, silver, and bronze medals. In 1980 Moscow hosted the
Twenty-Second Olympic Games.
The latest Olympic Games were held in Barcelona. Russian sportsmen got
medals for
their records in many sports events.