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Реферат Short Overview of African Countries

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Текст реферата Short Overview of African Countries

1. Introduction
2.Africa in postcolonial period
3. African economy today
4. Economic organizations in Africa
5.Problems and ways to solve them
6. Conclusion
1. Introduction
It isn’ t a secret that Republic of Armenia as well as other
former socialist republics is at
the end of the list of countries in terms of economy, but almost
everyone speaking about our country mentions that there are a number
of countries having more troubles with economy then our. Listening to
this kind of words makes listener think about Africa, Sahara the
countries situated there. Algeria (which situated in north Africa),
Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Djibouti, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho,
Mozambique, Rwanda, Zaire (Democratic republic of Congo), Zambia,
Zimbabwe and a lot of others are countries traditionally considered to
be the poorest part of the world. This is the common image of Africa.
in the following report I would try to introduce a little bit detailed
picture of this object.
I think it will be better to begin with short historical overview of
the region, which is the home of one of the human races. The
historians have defined four periods of African history research.
1. This period is 2000 B.C. up to 6-th century A.D. During that time
Egyptians were researching the north of the mainland. In 6 th century
B.C. Carthaginians travelled along the west coast. Roman travellers
went far into Libyan desert.
2. 7-14 centuries A.D. This is a period of Arabian invasions. After
conquering the north they moved to the south and reached Senegal and
Niger rivers.
3. The third period of research is associated with the Europeans
desire to find a sea way to the wealth of India. By the end of
sixteenth century the continent has been outlined on maps.
4. This period of African history, which begins in eighteenth century
is probably the most shameful part of European history. Europeans
blinded with the magnificence of African wealth began sacking its
territory, the same way as they did it in America.
2. Africa in postcolonial period
From this time and up to 20-th cent ury African continent was a big
colony of a number of European countries. After a century of rule by
France, Algeria became independent in 1962. Angola – former
Portugal colony got its freedom in 1975. Formerly the British
protectorate of Bechuanaland, Bo t swana adopted its new name upon
independence in 1966. The former French Cameroon and part of British
Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Chad was a part
of France's African holdings until 1960. The French Territory of the
Afars and the Is sas became Djibouti in 1977. Formed from the merger
of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust
territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first country in colonial Africa
to gain its independence. Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of
Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. Mozambique almost five
centuries was a Portuguese colony came to a close