Готовые Домашние Задания

Рефераты по теме Математика

Реферат The Black Death

Скачать реферат↓ [14.65 KB]



Текст реферата The Black Death

Содержание
Introduction………………………
3;……………………………&#
133;………….…3
The
disease…………………………
33;……………………………&
#133;…………..4
Mortality…………………………
……………………………
3;……………….8
Physicians…………………………
;……………………………
33;……………..11
Effects of The Black
Death……………………………
;…………………………14
Introduction
Plague has a remarkable place in history. For centuries, plague
represented disaster for those living in Asia, Africa and Europe,
where, it has been said, populations were so affected that sometimes
there were not enough people left alive to bury the dead. Because the
cause of plague was unknown, plague outbreaks contributed to massive
panic in cities and countries where it appeared. The disease was
believed to be delivered upon the people by the displeasure of the
gods, by other supernatural powers or, by heavenly disturbance.
Innocent groups of people were blamed for spreading plague and were
persecuted by the panicked masses. Numerous references in art,
literature and monuments attest to the horrors and devastation of past
plague epidemics. So imprinted in our minds is the fear of plague
that, even now, entering into the 21st century, a suspected plague
outbreak can incite mass panic and bring much of the world's economy
to a temporary standstill. The number of human plague infections is
low when compared to diseases caused by other agents, yet plague
invokes an intense, irrational fear, disproportionate to its
transmission potential in the postantibiotic/vaccination era.
The disease
The most memorable example of what has been advanced is afforded by a
great pestilence of the fourteenth century, which desolated Asia,
Europe, and Africa, and of which the people yet preserve the
remembrance in gloomy traditions. It was an oriental plague, marked by
inflammatory boils and tumours of the glands, such as break out in no
other febrile disease. On account of these inflammatory boils, and
from the black spots, indicatory of a putrid decomposition, which
appeared upon the skin, it was called in Germany and in the northern
kingdoms of Europe the Black Death, and in Italy, _la mortalega
grande_, the Great Mortality.
Few testimonies are presented to us respecting its symptoms and its
course, yet these are sufficient to throw light upon the form of the
malady, and they are worthy of credence, from their coincidence with
the signs of the same disease in modern