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Реферат The enlargement of the European Union

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Текст реферата The enlargement of the European Union

The enlargement of the European Union
Europe at the service of peace and democracy
Community Europe has celebrat ed its 50th anniversary.
On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman made history by putting to the Federal
Republic of Germany, and to the other European countries, the idea of
creating a Community of pacific interests. H e began a completely new
process in international relations by proposing to old nations to
together recover, by exercising jointly their sovereignty, the
influence which each of them was incapable of exercising alone.
The construction of Europe has since then moved forward every day. It
represents the most significant undertaking of the 20 th century and a
new hope at the dawn of the new century. It derives its momentum from
the farsighted and ambitious project of the founding fathers who
emerged from the second world war driven by the resolve to establish
between the peoples of Europe the conditions for a lasting peace.
A historic success
As Europe approach es the dawn of the third millennium, a look back
over the 50 years of progress towards European integration shows that
the European Union is a historic success. Countries which were
hitherto enemies, today share a common currency, the euro, and manage
their economic and commercial interests within the framework of joint
institutions.
Europeans now settle their differences through peaceful means,
applying the rule of law and seeking conciliation. The spirit of
superiority and discrimination has been banished from relationships
between the Member States, which have entrusted to the four Community
institutions, the Council, the Parliament, Commission and the Court of
Justice, the responsibility for mediating their conflicts, for
defining the general interest of Europeans and for pursuing common
policies.
Economic integration every day highlights the need for and takes
people closer to political union. At international level, the European
Union is wielding increasing influence commensurate with its economic
importance, the standard of living of its citizens, its place in
diplomatic, commercial and monetary forums.
The European Community derives its strength from common values of
democracy and human rights, which rally its peoples, and it has
preserved the diversity of cultures and languages and the traditions
which make it what it is. Its transatlantic solidarity and the
attractiveness of its model has enabled a united Europe to withstand
the pressure of totalitarianism and to consolidate the rule of law.
The European Community stands as a beacon for the expectations of
countries near and far which watch the Union’ s progress with
interest as they seek to consolidate their reemerging democracies or
rebuild a ruined economy.
Today, the Union of the 15 Member States is negotiating the next wave
of membership with 10 countries of central and eastern Europe, and
with Malta and Cyprus. At a later stage, other countries of former
Yugoslavia or which belong to the