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Реферат The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

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Текст реферата The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.
The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the
world, after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the southern part
of North America, and includes Alaska.
The USA is made up of 50 states, and the District of Columbia, a
special federal area where the capitol of the country is situated.
If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands and mountains.
The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada.
The highest peak is Mount McKinley which is located in Alaska. The
United States is a land of rivers and lakes. The largest and deepest
lakes in the USA are the five Great Lakes on the border with Canada.
America’ s largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the
Rio Grande and the Columbia. The Mississippi is the word’ s
third longest river after the Nile and the Amazon. The climate of the
country varies greatly. The climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate
of the central part is continental. The south has subtropical climate.

The history of the country is rather long. Christopher Columbus
sailed from Spain across the Atlantic Ocean. Instead of reaching India
as he had expected he landed on an island off a continent unknown to
Europeans, but he thought that he was in India.
In the southern states white farmers used black slaves to work on
their huge plantations. When slavery was stopped in the North the
southern states left the Union and formed the Confederacy. Civil war
between the North and the South started. The Union won and the slavery
was abolished all over the USA.
Nowadays, the USA is highly developed industrial country.
There are many important cities in the USA, for example New York, one
of the largest cities in the world, a great seaport and financial
center, Chicago near the Great Lakes, one of the biggest industrial
cities in the USA, and the second largest after New York. Boston is
one of the first cities which were built on the Atlantic coast of
America. Now it is a big cultural centre with three universities. Los
Angeles is a centre of modern industries and show business. Other big
and important cities of the USA are Philadelphia, Dallas, San
Francisco, Detroit, Washington and so on.
Washington D.C . is the capitol of US. It is situated in the
District of Columbia and is like no other city in America. it’ s
the world’ s largest oneindustry city. And that industry is
government. The White House, where the US president lives and works,
the Capitol, the home of the US congress, and the Supreme Court, are
all in Washington. The city was so named in memory of George
Washington, the first president of the USA, known for the active
participation in the war with Britain. A special district was created
for the city – the District of Columbia. The city was laid out
according to be a capitol. Washington is one of the most magnificent
and unusual cities in the USA. In the centre of it rises the huge dome