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Реферат About England

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Table of contents
Table of conten ts
Entry about England
I . History
II. Government and politics
III. Geography
IV. Climate
V. Economics
VI. Demography
VII. Culture
VIII. Language
IX. Religion
X. People
Utillized literature
Entry. Englan d (Old English: Englaland, Middle English: Engelond)
is the largest and most popul
ous constituent country of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its inhabitants account
for more than 83% of the total population of the United Kingdom, while
the mainland territory of England occupies most of the southern
twothirds of the island of Great Britain and shares land borders with
Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. Elsewhere, it is bordered
by the North Sea, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea, Br i stol Channel and English
Channel.
England became a unified state in the year 927 and takes its name
from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled there during
the 5th and 6th centuries. The capital of England is London, the
largest urban area in Great Britain, and the largest urban zone in the
European Union by most, but not all, measures.
England ranks amongst the world's most influential and farreaching
centres of cultural development. It is the place of origin of the
English language and the C hurch of England, and English law forms the
basis of the legal systems of many countries; in addition, London was
the centre of the British Empire, and the country was the birthplace
of the Industrial Revolution. England was the first country in the
world to become industrialised. England is home to the Royal Society,
which laid the foundations of modern experimental science. England was
the world's first modern parliamentary democracy and consequently many
constitutional, governmental and legal innovation s that had their
origin in England have been widely adopted by other nations.
The Kingdom of England was a separate state, including the
Principality of Wales, until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union
resulted in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotla nd to create
the Kingdom of Great Britain.
I. Bones and flint tools found in Norfolk and Suffolk show that
Homo erectus lived in what is no
w England about 700,000 years ago.
At this time, England was joined to mainland Europe by a large land
bridge. The current position of the English Channel was a large river
flowing westwards and fed by tributaries that would later become the
Thames and the Seine. This area was greatly depopulated during the
period of the last major ice age, as were other regions of th e
British Isles. In the subsequent recolonisation, after the thawing of
the ice, genetic research shows that presentday England was the last
area of the British Isles to be repopulated, about 13,000 years ago.
The migrants arriving during this period cont r ast with the other of
the inhabitants of the British Isles, coming across lands from the
south east of Europe, whereas earlier arriving inhabitants came