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Реферат Alfred Nobel

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Текст реферата Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man
on many contrasts. He made a fortune but lived a simple life, he was
cheerful in company but said in private. A lover of mankind, he never
had a family or wife to love him. He was a patriotic son of his native
land and he died on foreign soil. He invented dynamite, to improve the
peacetime industries of road mining and road building, but he saw it
used as a weapon of war to kill and injured his fellow man. During his
life he often felt he was useless. He was world famous for his works
he was never personally well known, for throughout his life he avoid
publicity. But since his death his name brought fame and glory to
others.
He was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833 but moved to Russia with
his parents in 1842, where his father made a strong position for
himself in the engineering industry. Most of the family returned to
Sweden in 1859, where Alfred rejoined them in 1863, beginning his own
study of explosions in his father’ s laboratory. He had never
been to school or university but had studied privately and by the time
he was twenty he was a skillful chemist and excellent linguistics,
speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. He builds up
over 80 companies in 20 different countries.
But Nobel’ s main concern was never with making money on
scientific discoveries. In youth he had taken a serious interest in
literature and psychology. He was always generous to the poor. His
greatest wish was to see an end of wars and thus peace between
nations. His famous will, in witch he left money to provide prizes for
outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Medicine,
Literature and Peace.