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Реферат Cities around the world

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Текст реферата Cities around the world

CITIES AROUND THE WORLD
A city is an urban area which is differentiated from a town or
village by size, population, density, importance or legal status. A
city usually consists of residential , industrial and business areas .
A large share of a city's area is primarily taken up by housing ,
which is then supported by infrastructure such as roads , streets and
often public transport routes.
Towns and cities have a long history, although opinions vary on
whether any particular ancient settlement can be considered to be a
city.
Older European cities and some American ones have historically intact
central areas where the streets are jumbled together, seemingly
without a structural plan. This is a legacy of earlier unplanned or
organic development, and is often perceived by today's tourists to be
picturesque .
There are d ifferent schemes of modern city. The most common pattern
is the grid , almost a rule in parts of the United States , and used
for thousands of years in China . In Medieval times we see a
preference for linear planning. Good examples are the cities est
ablished in the south of France.
Other forms may include a radial structure in which main roads
converge on a central point. Many Dutch cities are structured this
way.
One of my hobbies and even goals for life is traveling. Therefore I
have already been to some of the largest and most beautiful cities of
the world, for example Saint Petersburg, Paris, Cairo, Boston, Los
Angeles, San Francisco, Washington DC and plan on visiting more.
However, there are so many of them that one’ s lifetime perhaps
won’ t be enough to visit all of them.
My favorite foreign city is San-Francisco. It is located in the State
of California, on the western coast of the USA. Its population is 4
million people and in this regard it’ s the fourth largest city
in California and the fourteenth in the US after New York, Los
Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, etc. Besides, San Francisco is the
second most densely populated major American city after New York
(population 4 million people, total area – 120.9 kmІ) .
The first Europeans to settle in San Francisco were the Spanish , in
1776; the city is named for St. Francis . With the advent of the
California gold rush in 1848 the city entered a period of rapid
growth. It is today one of the most recognizable cities on the West
Coast.
San Francisco has a unique mix of characteristics, including its
monthslong episodes of fog, its steep rolling hills, its eclectic mix
of architecture (including Victorian style houses and modern
highrises), and its being bordered on three sides by the Pacific Ocean
or the San Francisco Bay .
Tourism is the mainstay of San Francisco's economy as it is one of
the top ten tourist destinations in the United States and one of the
top fifty in the world. I love it for the romantic atmosphere that the
blue sky, the ocean and the enormous and magnificent bridges create.
Some of the most famous