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Текст реферата EXCURSION IN OLD Riga

O ld Riga is a pretty famous place in Europe. There are many cafes,
bars, and restaurants, with very friendly atmosphere. This small part
the capital of Latvia will excite you with its charm, hospitality and
of entertainment.
O ur excursion is based on a famous symbol of Old Riga – Three
S t. Peter’ s Church, The Dome Church and St. Jacob’ s
Church. At 10:00 our group will start our tour from The Freedom
T he Freedom Monument shows off on Brivibas street. It was built
1931-1935. The Monument of Liberty is an outstanding monument of
history, architecture and art. It is a testimony of love and respect
of the nation towards its Motherland and Liberty. It is an interesting
fact that the monument was built for the money donated by people. N ow
we are moving forward to the first cock on Skarnu street 19 –
St. Peter’ s Church.
S t. Peter’ s Church was first mentioned in 1209. From the very
beginning it was considered to be the church of Riga’ s burgers.
The height of the church tower and the original view has changed many
times; it burnt in fire many times, but was always renovated. The
present steeple of the church was renovated in 1971.
A fter lifting up and observing the view from this highest place of
Old Riga, our group is going to our next aim, the second cockThe Dome
Church on Dome Square 1.
T he foundation stone of the church was laid in 1211; the church was
originally a wooden building.
Riga's first Dome was burnt down in 1215. Due to shortage of
wellprocessed building stone,
already in the 20-s of the 13-th century those, who built the church,
resorted to brick construction.
The church was reconstructed and restored many times. In 1776 the
spire of the church acquired its
present baroque design. In 1883-1884 in the Dome church there was
erected the organ the pride of
Riga's dwellers, which was the world's biggest at the moment of
erection. T he Riga Castle (Pils square 3). The former fortress of
Livonian order’ s grandmaster was started to be built in 1330.
In 1484 the castle was destroyed, since then the original view of the
castle has been changed several times.
After several reconstructions the castle lost its medieval character
to a considerable extent. In the times of Latvian independent State
the castle was transformed into the State president’ s residence
and representation building. In 1938 the Three Star tower was erected
in accordance with architect E. Laube’ s project. O ur next stop
is the Riga Castle, the Latvian President’ s residence.
A fter that we are going to see the building that will make you smile
Maza Pils street 17; 19; 21.
T hree medieval dwelling houses. The oldest building is by number 17,
it was built between 15-16 centuries, and it is considered the oldest
dwelling house in Riga, remaining intact to the present day. After
World War II the houses were restored and named ‘ ’ Three